key events in the history of computing

Here is the booklet I designed for the subject of key events in the history of computing. Made for my advanced typography class, VA 424, originally derived from the subject of a course I had taken in the Spring term of 2007-2008, Murat Germen‘s VA 210, introduction to multimedia. Here are some of the sample pages from the booklet (click on them to view larger) and you could download the whole PDF from here


Brano Hlavac

I love Bruno Hlavac‘s work. I know him since I saw him on popwhore, and I love how he blends art, photography, typography and graphic design. To fully understand what I’m talking about, visit his site, but below are some of my favorite samples of his artwork.

the goldfish protection

cover girl

three phases of genesis


digital amor



injured black rose

memories of sphinx

Where letter ç (c-cedilla) comes from

Ç, ç (c-cedilla) is a letter in the Albanian, Azerbaijani, Kurdish (strictly Kurmanji dialect), Ligurian, Tatar, Turkish, Turkmen, and Zazaki alphabets. This letter also appears in Catalan, French, Friulian, Occitan, and Portuguese as a variant of the letter “c”.

It was first used for the sound of the voiceless alveolar affricate /ts/ in old Spanish and stems from the Visigothic form of the letter “z”. This phoneme originated in Vulgar Latin from the palatalization of the plosives /t/ and /k/ in some conditions. Later, /ts/ changed into /s/ in many Romance languages and dialects. Spanish has not used this symbol since an orthographic reform in the 18th century, but it was adopted for writing other languages.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, /ç/ represents the voiceless palatal fricative.

Evolution from Visigothic Z to modern Ç.